Orthognathic surgery is a corrective surgery on jaw helps to reconstruct the jaw which is used to correct a number of dental and skeletal irregularities. Temporomandibular joint disorder or tmj disorders (TMD) occur as a result of problems with the jaw, jaw joint and surrounding facial muscles that control chewing and moving the jaw. Teeth are straightened with orthodontics and corrective jaw surgery aligns uneven jaws. This not only improves facial appearance but also ensures that teeth meet correctly and function properly.
symptoms lead to corrective jaw surgery:
• Difficulty in swallowing
• Receding chin
• Protruding jaw
• TMJ pain
• Breathing problem
• Difficulty in chewing and biting
• Birth defects or facial injury
• Difficulty in bringing the lips together without straining
• Asymmetry in facial appearance
There is a diet to follow and a schedule for changing over to a normal diet. It is best to avoid tobacco products and taxing physical activity during the recovery period. Usually, patients can get back to their regular routine and to work one to three weeks after the surgery depending on individual conditions. The jaws will completely heal in a period of nine to twelve months. There are different situations.
Receding Lower Jaw Correction
The bone in the lower portion of the jaw is separated from its base and modified. This is otherwise called as chin surgery. The tooth-bearing portion of the lower jaw and a portion of the chin are repositioned forward.
Open Bite Correction
Some of the bone in the upper tooth-bearing portion of the jaw is removed. The upper jaw is then secured in position with plates and screws.
Lower Jaw Correction
The bone in the rear portion of the jaw is separated from the front portion and modified so that the tooth-bearing portion of the lower jaw can be moved back for proper alignment.
Corrective Jaw Surgery
In almost every case orthognathic surgery is performed under general anaesthesia, so that you will be numb during the surgery. Before performing the surgery, there will be a normal check up to ensure that you are in good health.
Depending on the severity of the surgery needed, the procedure may last from an hour to several hours.
It is also normal to be prescribed certain dietary supplements or different exercises which can help reduce the recovery period.
In some cases, bone may be added, taken away or reshaped. Surgical plates, screws, wires and rubber bands may be used to hold your jaws in their new positions. Incisions are usually made inside the mouth to reduce visible scarring; however, some cases do require small incisions outside of the mouth. When this is necessary, care is taken to minimize their appearance.
After surgery, instructions for a modified diet will given, which may include solids and liquids, as well as a schedule for transitioning to a normal diet.
Pain following corrective jaw surgery is easily controlled with medication and patients are generally able to return to work or school from one to three weeks after surgery, depending on how they are feeling. While the initial healing phase is about six weeks, complete healing of the jaws takes between nine and 12 months.
Benefits of Orthognathic jaw surgery
The Corrective jaw surgery (medically termed as Orthognathic surgery) moves your teeth and jaws into positions that are more balanced, functional and healthy. Although the goal of this surgery is to improve your bite and function, some patients also experience enhancements to their appearance and speech. The results of corrective jaw surgery can have a dramatic and positive effect on many aspects of your life.
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Smoking is the most preventable factor for Cancer. Quitting smoking is the only way to prevent Cancer for those who smoke. Today, there are many programs and techniques to help people quit smoking.
Use of tobacco products can cause a number of oral health conditions such as Bleeding gums, Receding gums, Severe gum disease, Delayed healing after surgery, Stained teeth and tongue, Oral cancer (It may cause death), Bad breath, Reduced sense of taste and smell.
The most common risk factors of Oral cancer are tobacco use, frequent high quantity alcohol consumption, habitual cheek or lip biting, constant sunlight exposure or poorly fitting dentures. 90 percent of oral cancers are found in people who use tobacco and/or drink alcohol excessively. Here are a few photos of mouth problems caused by the reaction of tobacco in the mouth.
- Smoking- Cigarette, cigar, or pipe smokers are six times more likely than nonsmokers to develop oral cancers.
- Smokeless tobacco users -Chewing tobacco products are 50 times more likely to develop cancers of the cheek, lining of the lips and gums.
Symptoms and Signs and of Oral Cancer may include:
- Swellings/thickenings, lumps or bumps, rough spots/crusts/or eroded areas on the lips, gums, or other areas inside the mouth
- A white or reddish patch on the inside of your mouth
- Unexplained bleeding in the mouth
- Difficulty chewing or swallowing, speaking, or moving the jaw or tongue
- Unexplained numbness, loss of feeling, or pain/tenderness in any area of the face, mouth, or neck
- Hoarseness, chronic sore throat, or change in voice
- A soreness or feeling that something is caught in the back of the throat
- Persistent sores on the face, neck, or mouth that bleeds easily and does not heal.
- Ear pain
- A change in the way your teeth or dentures fit together
- Dramatic weight loss
If you have any persistent signs and symptoms that bother you and last more than two weeks, contact dentist or oral surgeon immediately. She/he will likely investigate other more common causes for your signs and symptoms first, such as an infection.
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A dental implant is a artificial permanent device, used in prosthetic dentistry to support teeth restoration that resemble a tooth or group of teeth to replace missing teeth.A typical implant consists of a titanium screw (resembling a tooth root) with a roughened surface.
This artificial permanent device placed in the jaw bone to anchor a tooth, crown, or bridge.
Why do people need dental implants?
*) Tooth decay - usually occurs when person doesn’t care for teeth Gum diseases - people who don’t take care of their gums, most likely having periodontitis.
*) Periodontitis is inflammation and infection of the ligaments and bones that support the teeth Root canal failure Those who did not have a successful root canals
*) Tooth loss due to injuries or bad care of teeth
The placing of dental tooth implants consists of drilling into the jawbone and placing a titanium screw base. Implants are a well-established, tried and tested method for replacing one or more lost teeth.
Advantages of dental implants:
Implant Supported Dental Work has many advantages including:
No overnight soaking in a glass
Better ability to chew food
Not having to take it out at night
No rubbing, clacking, or pain
The dental implants treatments can be best done by a group of surgeons in Hyderabad at affordable prices.
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